Temperature-related human mortality (TRM) in European regions

Partners involved

Institute of Global Health, Almada City Council




Europe emerges as an especially sensitive area to climate change with more frequent, longer and harsher summer heat waves. Temperature-Related Mortality (TRM) can be largely avoided if informed decisions are made prior to extreme climate events to protect vulnerable populations.

Interested in more details? Discover the Opens external link in new windowfeatures of the early warning system created within Blue-Action.

Co-design and co-production

This case study aims to develop in collaboration with end-users a prototype forecast scheme of TRM for a very large ensemble of regions in Europe.


  • Joan Ballester, Climate and Health Programme, ISGlobal
  • Nuno Cunha Lopes, Environmental Studies and Management Division, Sustainable Environmental Management and Planning Department, City Council of Almada
  • Sara Dionísio, Sustainable Environmental Management and Planning Department, City Council of Almada

Dissemination materials

All available in open access in Opens external link in new windowZenodo Blue-Action community

  • Joan Ballester, The Temperature-related mortality case study, Initiates file downloadPDF download
  • Joan Ballester, Forecast scheme of temperature-related mortality for decision-making in European regions and cities, Opens external link in new windowon Zenodo 
  • Adapting to warmer cities: the case of Almada, Opens external link in new windowVideo (Courtesy of the FP7 NACLIM project)


The main results of this case study can be found in these reports:




Baseline data selected by this case study

Initiates file downloadVersion March 2019

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